Three years into soda tax, sugary drink consumption down more than 50 percent in Berkeley

Consumption of sugary drinks dropped 52 percent among Berkeley’s low-income residents in the three years after the city enacted a penny-per-ounce excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages in early 2015, a new study shows. The study, which is the first to document the long-term impacts of a soda tax in the United States, suggests that taxation … pročitajte više

Medical News Today: How to reduce your risk of asthma

Asthma risk factors include smoking, dust mites, and environmental pollutants, as well as many others. Steering clear of these risk factors can help people avoid developing the condition. Learn more about how to prevent asthma here. Source: Medical News Today, https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/

Phantom limb sensation explained

After a limb amputation, brain areas responsible for movement and sensation alter their functional communication. This is the conclusion of a new study. The findings may help to understand why some patients report phantom sensations and others do not. Source: Science Daily, https://www.sciencedaily.com

GI neuroimmune disruption contributes to Gulf War Illness

Many Persian Gulf War veterans experience Gulf War Illness (GWI), a chronic condition with symptoms ranging from gastrointestinal to neurological. While exposure to the anti-nerve gas pyridostigmine bromide (PB) is linked to the development of GWI, the exact cause and mechanisms of the illness remain unclear. Recently, an animal study tested the hypothesis that exposure … pročitajte više

Seasonal and geographic trends in syphilis

Much of the public health impact of syphilis revolves around its impact on fetuses and neonates through the mother-to-child transmission of the disease. Researchers reporting have now analyzed temporal and demographic patterns in gestational syphilis (GS) and mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of syphilis. Source: Science Daily, https://www.sciencedaily.com

Electric car batteries inspire safer, cheaper way to make compounds used in medicines

Inspired by the refined electrochemistry of electric car batteries, scientists have developed a battery-like system that allows them to make potential advancements for the manufacturing of medicines. Their new method avoids safety risks associated with a type of chemical reaction known as dissolving metal reduction. Their method would offer significant advantages over current methods of … pročitajte više

Sun Protection to patients with rare genetic disease

Skin cells taken from patients with a rare genetic disorder are up to ten times more sensitive to damage from ultraviolet A (AVA) radiation in laboratory tests, than those from a healthy population, according to new research. Source: Science Daily, https://www.sciencedaily.com

Sun Protection to patients with rare genetic disease

Skin cells taken from patients with a rare genetic disorder are up to ten times more sensitive to damage from ultraviolet A (AVA) radiation in laboratory tests, than those from a healthy population, according to new research. Source: Science Daily, https://www.sciencedaily.com

Women with more social support are less likely to die prematurely

In the largest study to explore the impact of perceived social support on cardiovascular disease and mortality, researchers found postmenopausal women aged 50-79 with higher perceived social support were modestly less likely to die during the course of the study; no significant link found between increased social support and CVD. Source: Science Daily, https://www.sciencedaily.com

PET scans show biomarkers could spare some breast cancer patients from chemotherapy

In an effort to further individualize therapy and avoid over-treating patients, researchers report a new study using PET scans has identified a biomarker that may accurately predict which patients with one type of HER2-positive breast cancer might best benefit from standalone HER2-targeted agents, without the need for standard chemotherapy. Source: Science Daily, https://www.sciencedaily.com

Providers and Progress Report

A close look at the most important issues confronting healthcare in 2019. Base on proprietary research and analysis by Health Data Management. Source: Health Data Management, https://www.healthdatamanagement.com

Seeing through another's eyes

New research provides direct evidence that we can take others’ perspectives because we spontaneously form mental images of how the world looks to the other person, so that we can virtually see through their eyes and make judgements as if it was what we were seeing. Source: Science Daily, https://www.sciencedaily.com

Study examines individuals' willingness to use artificial intelligence in career choices

Artificial intelligence is revolutionizing the way we do business, and it can potentially allow firms to improve their decision making, given that individuals are willing to adopt algorithms in decision-making contexts. A new Managerial and Decision Economics study indicates that cognitive perceptions play an important role on such willingness. Source: Science Daily, https://www.sciencedaily.com

Why a blow to the chest can kill or save you

It is still a mystery why a blow to the chest can kill some people yet save others. We may be one step closer to an answer, however, thanks to a device that can replicate the experience in the laboratory. Source: Science Daily, https://www.sciencedaily.com

New iridium catalyst enables efficient selective synthesis of valuable drug ingredients

The researchers found that transient formation of hydrogen bonding between a substrate and the catalyst induced such high segregation in the reaction. By using inexpensive and readily available feedstock hydrocarbons, the researchers produced a group of chiral lactams in different shapes. Their diverse structures allow lactams to correspond to different pharmaceutical drugs. Source: Science Daily, … pročitajte više

New compound offers superior therapeutic approach to treat MS

Previous studies have shown that estrogens and estrogen-like compounds reduce multiple sclerosis-like inflammation and disability in mice. At first glance these treatments appear promising, but they carry a host of negative side effects, from feminizing male mice to increasing the risk of cancer, heart disease and stroke. An interdisciplinary team of scientists have piggy-backed on … pročitajte više

Indoor exposure to air pollution studied

In an Indoor Air study conducted in a suburb of the city of Kuopio, Finland, relatively short-lasting wood and candle burning of a few hours increased residents’ daily exposure to potentially hazardous particulate air pollution. Associations between indoor air pollutants and building ventilation or cooking were also observed. Source: Science Daily, https://www.sciencedaily.com

Focusing on the fovea

Using high-throughput genetic sequencing methods, scientists have created the first cellular atlas of the primate retina, an important foundation for researchers to build on as they seek to understand how vision works in primates, including humans, and how vision can be disrupted by disease. Source: Science Daily, https://www.sciencedaily.com